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2 edition of Biological control of social forest and plantation crops insects found in the catalog.

Biological control of social forest and plantation crops insects

Biological control of social forest and plantation crops insects

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Published by Science Pub. in Lebanon, NH .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Insect pests -- Biological control -- Congresses.

  • About the Edition

    Parasite and predator complexes comprise essential components in the management of Forest Ecosystems serving to reduce insect pest depredations. To sustain natural growth of social forestry stands, nurseries and plantation crops such as Teak, Tea, Cardamom, effective steps taken to control insect pests through the utilization of natural enemies as a component of IPM will yield positive results. Being the first of its kind in the area of biological control in relation to insect pests of social forestry, this book besides laying special emphasis on the biology and ecology of major biocontrol agents, also highlights several potential biological control agents like the reduviids, ants and spiders. The extent of control these agents can exercise on their pest populations as well as the rate at which they can build-up their populations are evident from bioenergetics and life-table studies. This volume which is the outcome of a National Seminar held at the Entomology Research Institute, Loyola College, Madras provides a wealth of information of considerable significance to Forestry research and management.

    Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references and indexes.

    Statementeditor, T.N. Ananthakrishnan.
    ContributionsAnanthakrishnan, T. N., 1925-, National Seminar on Biological Control of Social Forest and Plantation Crop Insects (1994? : Entomology Research Institute)
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxii, 225 p. :
    Number of Pages225
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18061758M
    ISBN 101886106134

      An understanding of non-pest forest insects is also critical, since many of these species are important components of the native ecosystem, and serve important roles such as predators, pollinators, decomposers, project proposes to use a combination of traditional ecological methods, computer-based spatial modeling and remote sensing. Global climate change is resulting in a wide range of biotic responses, including changes in diel activity and seasonal phenology patterns, range shifts polewards in each hemisphere and/or to higher elevations, and altered intensity and frequency of interactions between species in ecosystems. Oak (Thaumetopoea processionea) and pine (T. pityocampa) processionary moths (hereafter OPM and PPM.

    The book has three parts: (1) Animals as pests of forest plantation trees (pp. mainly insects, but includes mammals, other than Homo sapiens, birds, nematodes etc.); (2) Pathogenic viruses, bacteria, fungi, and higher plants (pp. weed plants not included unless at least partly parasitic); (3) A list of trees and their pests and. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of common-sense practices. IPM programs use current, comprehensive information on the life cycles of pests and their interaction with the environment.

    A system for planting crops without plowing, using herbicides to control weeds and resulting in reduced soil erosion and the preservation of soil nutrients Industrialized Agriculture a form of modern farming that refers to the industrialized production of livestock, poultry, fish, and crops, methods of industrial agriculture are. Biological control of forest pests. Abstract The results of control measures against forest pests at two forest-protection stations in the Plovdiv district of Bulgaria are reviewed. These included the application of Entobacterin 3 [which contains Bacillus thuringiensis] at 5 kg/ha in l water/ha, Bactospein [which contains Bacillus.


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Biological control of social forest and plantation crops insects Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Biological control of social forest and plantation crops insects. [T N Ananthakrishnan;] -- Contributed research articles of the National Seminar on Biological Control of Social Forest and Plantation Crop Insects held at the Entomology Research Institute.

Arising from an Indian national seminar held at the Entomology Research Institute, Madras, this book contains an introduction by the editor, followed by 15 chapters by various authors, entitled: Biological control resources in social forest stands; Biological control of bagworms (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) in social forest stands; Natural enemies of babul (Acacia nilotica subsp.

indica. Abstract. Insect pest attack is a major threat to cardamom cultivation in India. About fifty six species of insect pests are known to cause damages to various plant parts of cardamom during different growth stages of the crop ().However, only a few insect pests cause Author: J.

Thomas. Buy Biological Control of Social Forest and Plantation Crops Insects by T. Ananthakrishnan from Waterstones today. Click and Collect from your local Waterstones or get FREE UK delivery on orders over £Pages: Biological control of Hyblaea puera and Eutectona machaeralis by introduction of native egg parasitoid, Trichogramma raoi in teak forests Article (PDF Available) in Pestology 42(6) June.

Biological Control of Social Forest and Plantation Crops Insects Published by Science Pub Inc () ISBN ISBN Biological control is the use of non-chemical and environmentally friendly methods of controlling insect pests and diseases by the action of natural control agents.

Classical biological control (CBC) is the introduction of a natural enemy of exotic origin to control a pest, usually also exotic, aiming at permanent control of the pest. CBC has been carried out widely over a variety of target organisms, but most commonly against insects, using parasitoids and predators and, occasionally, pathogens.

Untilintroductions of parasitoids and predators Cited by: Biological Control of Forest Pests. This is the new home of the website Biological Control of Pests in the Forests of Eastern United site includes. Reviews of a series of past weed and insect biological control projects (see Target pests).

• small-scale village/community forest plantation (social forestry) and agroforestry systems control Forest roads built for forest plantation establishment often enhance erosion land for agricultural crops is limited and the forest product needs are Size: KB.

Biological Control of Forest Insect Pests 1. S.I. AHMED Biological Control of Insects Biological control: Definition; History. Biological Control Agents: Parasitoids and Predators.

Mass production and release of commonly used Parasitoids and Predators. Advantages and disadvantages of biological control. Varadarasan, S.

() Biological control of insect pests of cardamom. IN: Biological control of social forest and plantation crop insects (Ed. T.N. Ananthakrishnan), Published by Oxford & IBH Pub!.

Ltd. In Malaysia, moves towards a reduction in the dependence on chemical weed control in plantation crops have led to a greater interest in biological control. About 44% of the major weeds of Malaysian plantation crops are exotic. Tropical weeds from the new world are amenable to classical biological control.

However, studies of the ecology of native weeds are necessary to help in the development Cited by: 6. 1 Although the weaver ant Oecophylla is the first written record of biological control, dating from ad, there have been fewer than 70 scientific publications on this predator as a biological control agent in Asia, from the early s onwards, and fewer than 25 in Africa.

2 Apart from crop‐specific ecological and perceptual factors, a historical review shows that political and market Cited by:   Progress 10/01/07 to 09/30/12 Outputs OUTPUTS: InForest Service pest management specialists discovered that thousands of oak trees in the Ozark National Forest and Ouachita National Forest were dead or dying.

A significant cause of tree mortality in this "oak decline event" was a population explosion of a previously innocuous, native wood-boring beetle, the red oak.

Forestry Plantation Much of the emphasis for a planting project is placed at the beginning with seed selection, nursery development, and outplanting. Unfortunately, the project manager often reduces his efforts after the seedlings are in the ground.

Given the high risks during this period of establishment, such reduced efforts could prove disastrous to the stand. Similarly, insects frequently have been instruments of biological control for other insects or invasive weeds (see Chapter 17).

Thomson and Hoffman () reported that biological control of insect pests was enhanced when vinyards were surrounded by natural remnant forest or planted woody vegetation, compared to no woody vegetation. Supplement - Biological and integrated control of pest organisms in forestry (regulative) reduction of pest populations.

Biological control, like silvicultural control, is applied ecology. A forest, even an artificial plantation, represents a relatively undisturbed and lasting environment in which a complex network of regulating biotic. Sap-feeding insects (such as aphids and thrips) and foliage-feeders (common among Lepidoptera and some families of Hymenoptera and Coleoptera) are especially common among non-native tree-feeding insects.

For example, dominance by sap- and foliage-feedings insects was evident among the ca. non-native forest insects established in the USA (AukemaCited by: Biological Control of Forest Insects Biological Control of Forest Insects Pschorn-Walcher, H Biological control of forest insects in the classical sense (i.e.

by importation of natural enemies against introduced pest species) has mainly been applied in the temperate regions of the world; to date very few projects have been undertaken in tropical forests. FOREST PEST BIOLOGICAL CONTROL PROGRAM IN HAWAI't Clifford W. Smith Department of Botany, University of Hawai'i at Manoa, Maile Way, Honolulu HIU.S.A.

Email: [email protected] Abstract. Forest weeds were not considered to be a major management problem in Hawai'i until the latter quarter of the last century. 4. Biological control and GM crops. The estimated global area of commercially grown GM crops in was 81 Mha, equivalent to approximately 5% of the global area available for cultivating crops and times the total land area of the UK.

Four major GM crops (soya bean, cotton, maize and oilseed rape) were grown by million farmers in 17 Cited by: The gypsy moth project has revealed that (1) insect disease was recognized as an important biological control factor, (2) the sequence theory of natural enemies was introduced by W.

F. Fiske, (3) a number of future important contributors to biological control were trained on the project (H. S. Smith, W. R. Thompson and W. D. Tothill), (4.